Atma is all pervading subsequently IT has no kind or form, subsequently no conditionings… no elements, no organs, no variations (bhedam). That indescribable Atman exists in every showing factor.
IT is the substratum of all… booma, refers to is ‘greatest’ however there isn’t a comparable. That atma is Happiness, every thing else that we appear to get pleasure from via senses is however pleasure and pleasure, a fraction or a glimpse of that Happiness.
That atma is in all, like thread in a beaded chain, holding all beads collectively, atma is the substratum of all appearances.
Because of many conditionings, One seems as many just like the water in coke, pepsi, wine, beer, tomato juice and so forth, with additions and deletions. say he is Christian, she’s hindu, muslim, he is educated, male, feminine, poor, wealthy, physician, engineer, single, married. These are the labels of the physique.
All these variations are because of the conditioning, ideas in our thoughts… These are phrases with no actual existence. Atman is totally veiled by these impurities. These are the dust that must be eliminated of their entirety for the true Self to shine forth. The instance is the well-known snake & rope as mentin verse seven.
The Fact, brahman is vibhuhu, is all pervading, in all places, like area, with none form, kind or colour. The whole lot seems as a consequence of maya (phantasm), this phantasm has the veiling energy & projection energy.
Verses 12-13-14 are very essential, with logical rationalization. All verses have examples which can be simply understood.
Solely after we know what’s not true, we are able to get rid of them. Due to this fact these 3 verses describe what must be eradicated.
Brahman has no limitations just like the area. With a view to describe area, we have to know and get rid of what’s not area, so additionally, the method of negation is to be utilized to appreciate Brahman. (Sathyam jnanam anantham brahma is simply a degree, not defining something particular then IT turns into restricted.) Due to this fact neti, its neti, means of negation is the one option to understand Brahman.
Man isn’t just bodily physique, thoughts too. Each being has three our bodies.
Stula sariram – Gross physique, seen, tangible, restricted
Sukshma sariram – refined physique,
Karana sariram – causal physique
The whole lot is made of 5 components however the sense, ‘I’m’ is just not in all, besides the human physique. (stula sariram).
The whole lot within the universe is a mix of 5 components whether or not it’s water or mud. Solely human physique has ‘I’m’. Why?
What is the distinction? Pancheekritam… every physique is made of 5 components, created based mostly on his karma phala, penalties of 1’s previous actions. It is a mixture of Area, Air, Fireplace, Water & Earth. (Yatha karma, yatha srutham).
Karma sanchitham… based mostly on our karma and the mix of 5 components collectively, we get the suitable physique to expertise the nice, unhealthy. Actions, karma right here means thought, phrase and deed. All beings whether or not vegetation, bugs, animals or people are all based mostly on our personal karma.
Physique is a home to expertise the outcomes of our actions. Like if we’d like a warmth or chilly, we’d like go to a room the place the heater or a/c is, we have to go the place they’re accessible! The experiencer is completely different from the room. Equally atma takes a physique, an acceptable place to expertise the karma palan. (Boga ayathanam uchhate..to expertise suka, dukka). This clearly means we’re completely different from the physique, applies to all three our bodies..
Scriptures say from Atman got here area, from area got here air, from air got here hearth, from hearth got here water, from water got here earth.
A+pancheekritham, individually with out mixture, they’re known as ‘tanmatras’. Like particular person metallic, not an alloy. All of them appeared from atma… they combined at a specific proportion and known as ‘panchikritham’, the grossification takes place in 5 particular scientific levels.
The method of Pancheekritam
There are particular person components
Every divide into two
Each half divide into 4 and share the three of the second half, with three components
Every half + 4 1/eighth bits, thus turns into the gross physique.
This panchikritam and our prarabhda karma collectively kind our bodily our bodies, additionally known as ‘stula sarira’ to expertise the outcomes of our actions. (boga aayaathanam), physique is a boga sathanam for atman, a spot, a home.
Suksma sariram (refined physique) is behind stula sarira (tangible).
5+5+5+4 =19 objects combined, meaning I’m not IT (IT is undivided One, and not using a second)
Sukshma sarira, refined physique is an combination of the eight, particularly,
(1) the 5 organs of motion (karmendriyas),
(2) the 5 organs of notion (jnanendriyas),
(3) the 5 types of prana, important air
(4) the 5 refined components starting with area
(5) the 4 divisions of the antahkaranam (manas, buddhi, chittam and ahamkara),
(7) need, and
(8) the impressions of all actions,
known as the refined physique or sukshma sarira.
Karmendriyam ~ 5 organs of actions refers to arms, toes, tongue(speech), reproductive, excretory organs.
Jnanendriyam ~ 5 organs of perceptions/senses, ‘sabdha, sparsha, rupa, rasa, gandha’, senses to listen to, contact, see, style & odor.
Pancha Pranas PASUV (acronym) Prana, Apana, Samana, Udana, Vyana
Prana- life power (controls & regulates sense organs)
Apana- Excretory (reject undesirable objects, throwing up, diarrhoea)
Samana- Digestive – makes the meals prepared for absorption
Udana – Capability to evolve (studying, burp)
Vyana – Circulatory (distribution of vitamin)
not this… not this… why? As a result of the physique is a mixture of one thing, that is holding them collectively, they’ll break aside, then it is not One, everlasting existence! Due to this fact the Self is just not the stula sarira!
Thoughts is comfortable, unhappy, in worry, in need, fluctuation, that are nothing however vikarams, divisions and subsequently thoughts is just not the atman. Thoughts can be a boga sadanam, home of expertise, with out the thoughts we can’t expertise something. The one who makes use of this thoughts is completely different from the thoughts. Thoughts is nothing however a bunch of ideas..Due to this fact Self is just not Sukshma sarira.
What will be seen is stula deham. Deham(physique), that which might undergo dhahanam (burning). What’s subtler than the physique is linga sariram, additionally referred as mononmaya kosa. Each these are kosas, coverings on atma, although atman can’t be objectified.
The causal physique is the trigger for these two our bodies, is Avidya, ignorance, the explanation for stula, sukshma sarira. What’s the reason for that ignorance? Assuming there is a purpose, what’s the reason for that, what’s the reason for that, what’s the reason for that, we are able to carry on going. (Its known as ‘ana+vastha dosham’ goes on infinitely).
Acharya says, Ignorance, Avidhya, has no starting… A+nadi..(Adi) all the time exists… can’t be described, if it is described, it is now not an ignorance, it turns into information!
The truth that the world is seen means the ignorance exists. After we see the snake on a rope, ignorance exists, the fact (rope) is just not recognized. After we see the rope, which is the substratum of the snake, the snake is gone, ignorance is gone! Equally after we see the universe, we’re ignorant, the substratum is just not seen. (Realized souls would say, I solely see brahman, there is not any world, the world dissolves identical to the dissolved snake..)
Ignorance/avidya can’t be outlined however is current earlier than information and is gone after information, so does it actually exist? Ignorance neither exists nor ‘not exists’… subsequently it’s anirvatchya… trigger. Nobody can see or outline ignorance, the instance acharya provides right here is just like the Solar, that may by no means see the darkness. Darkness is however the absence of sunshine, equally ignorance is the absence of true information and is the reason for stula and sukshma sarira.
Atman is past the three our bodies. ‘Sat’ implies that which exists in all three realms, instances, ‘Asat’ means doesn’t exist, ‘Mithya’ – is an look, maya. Atman, Self is Sat. Know THAT!
A really refined and necessary idea defined in scripture is after we speak about one particular person and talk about it’s Vyashti, after we take collective existence, its known as Samashti.
This physique is made of 5 components (human), that physique (say a squirrel) is made of 5 components, so are the worms, reptiles, lions, birds and each being on this planet, all are similar 5 components, nothing completely different. All 5 components are the identical subsequently the complete universe is a collective existence, that is samashti drishti… (common collective imaginative and prescient)
Jagat is one other phrase for the universe..jagat. (gatchathi iti jagat, retains on shifting, altering), one thing that is comprehensible solely by 5 senses is the gross world, (stula prapancham). This particular person gross physique is part of that gross existence. Ignorance is the reason for this gross physique and the gross universe.
Equally, the reason for sukshma sarira, sukshma prapancham particular person thoughts (vyashti) cosmic thoughts (samashti) is ignorance, additionally referred as ‘Karanopadhi’.
Three upadhis, stula, sukshma, karana are conditionings. The Self, as a witness, substratum, observer, that which isn’t related with something, a witness, sakshi If past these three our bodies. That is why it is ‘Sat’, ever existent, doesn’t go when the stula goes, sukshma goes.
This verse describes every & each being as a bundle of..
Three Sariram ~ the Gross, refined, causal
Pancha Kosam (5 layers)
Meals sheath (annamaya),
Important air sheath (pranamaya),
Thoughts sheath (manonmaya),
Mind sheath (vijnanamaya),
Bliss sheath (anandhamaya)
Three Realm, airplane, states… (jagrat, swapna, sushupti) waking, dream & deep sleep states.
Atman is Self, Sakshi, One and not using a second!
Ego, Jivan is after we affiliate with at the least one of many 5 kosas. For ex:
“I am sitting right here”… related to physique, annamaya kosa, anatomical
“I am stressed”..related to thoughts/important air, mononmaya kosa, physiological
“My coronary heart beats quick, I’m hungry, thirsty” ~ pranamaya kosa, psychological
“I am coming” resolution is made, vijnanamaya kosa, mental
“I am delighted, excited ” anadhamaya kosa, Bliss sheath
If Atman is in all places, how can I say, I am sitting right here?
This affiliation with the physique is a bondage. Then the query arises to the seeker, ‘when there’s this bondage, how will you say it is nithyamuktan, a realized particular person?’
Verse 15 replies, with an instance. A transparent crystal, (spatikam) when positioned on a coloured fabric, takes the colour of that fabric on which it’s..equally atman seems to be completely different because of the affiliation with these 5 layers (kosas).
Atma is in all places, this physique is proscribed in area. Due to the affiliation of the atman with the restricted physique that atma appears to be restricted.
This union between the atma and kosa is bondage, when the union breaks, bond breaks… It seems to be related to the kosas as a consequence of ignorance… it may by no means take the qualities of any of these.. Atma is has no attachment, (asangoyam purushaha), this affiliation is mithya tadhatmyam, an look.
Each human ought to be capable to disconnect the atman from these 5 kosas, want the steerage, coaching, efforts, & paths (sadanas). Seekers who asks inquiries to make clear doubts are known as ‘Poorvapakshi’.
Atma is in all places however to establish or discover IT, one has to go inside. It is not accessible exterior..despite the fact that IT is in all places!! IT is just not related to something..
This verse describes the method of negation to appreciate the atman, Self. This isn’t atma, this isn’t atma… the way to discover IT? Strategies described are via logic, discrimination (viveka), establish the actual Self through panchkosas.
Discrimination right here refers back to the potential to distinguish between the everlasting and impermanent, (Nithyam/Anithyam, atma/anathma) This is step one within the path of enquiry. Examples given listed here are: Identical to the rice is separated from husk, and onion is peeled to get to the core. Or In case you have a diamond you wrap it in a tissue paper, in a pockets, inside a field, contained in the protected..so additionally atma, the supreme is contained in the kosas. The seeker must transcend the seen character layers.
After we say, ‘I am so and so’, we affiliate ourselves with physique, thoughts, mind, panchakosam… when this affiliation is there, we’re not conscious of our True Self!
Why does the acharya describe these our bodies once I’m none of those? As a result of what must be negated should be recognized first… (yukti is the one approach..logical discrimination)… Isolate anatma from atma via logical evaluation..(apara from para).
Atman is in all places however displays solely in clear pure mind (clear mirror) identical to Solar’s brightness is in all places however Solar’s reflection is simply in a clear mirror, in comparison with a water in a pot, pond, lake or ocean. So additionally, Atman displays solely on a transparent, pure mind.
First line, atman is completely different from deham, indriyam, buddhi, prakriti, (physique, thoughts, mind and nature)
What’s atman? (third line in verse 18) Tat vritti sakshi… witness not related to something..
Due to IT’s presence alone, this physique, senses, buddhi all perform. They’re all matter, inert, carry on altering, could possibly be objectified, modified (vikaraha).
Atma can’t be modified nir+vikaram, can’t be objectified, not a matter. Atman is sakshi, witness, seer however the matter is seen. The seer is completely different from the seen. The topic of expertise is completely different from the item of expertise. Atman is the illuminator, separate from the illumined objects.
When analyzed, Atman is the witness of fine and unhealthy, ache and pleasure, pleasure and sorrow, the actions of bodily physique and thoughts are all elements of our outer and inside subjective life. Atman stands aloof from the happenings of the outer cosmic and our inside worlds. The whole lot occurs simply by ITs presence, identical to when the boss is in his workplace, all workers are centered on their duties.
The atman is roofed, veiled, not seen. The moon seems to be shifting when the truth is, the clouds are shifting. So additionally, to an individual who’s related to physique, thoughts and mind, a+viveki) the Atman seems to be lively, in each transaction. Aviveki is the one who’s unable to distinguish atman from anatman, everlasting from impermanence.
For instance A lamp displays on a mirror and the mirrored gentle can be brilliant however true gentle is simply within the lamp.
The Information that expresses out of physique, thoughts and mind is just like the mirrored brightness. The Atman is the supply of every thing, with out IT, the complete universe will cease!
In transactional actuality, we expect the atma is seeing and listening to! ‘Vyapari iva’, seems to be interacting however when in actuality IT is simply a witness. Those that are unable to discriminate between the nithyam from anithyam..ever existent and temporal is referred right here as a+ viveki, ignorant.
All of the actions and actions are of the sense organs and the Self is the nourisher for all organs to manifest.
It is like petrol, fuel in your automobile that manifests all organs to perform. It has no particular vacation spot to achieve.
Equally the Atman expresses itself via the physique, thoughts and mind, it is a witness. With out this unbiased witness, indifferent observer, nothing would transfer in the complete cosmos. When you do not know it, it’s miles away and when you recognize it, it is very shut. It is the witness of ignorance.
The moon appears to be shifting as a result of we take a look at it via a shifting medium, our thoughts. The grounded timber will seem like shifting from a shifting practice, so additionally atman appears to be lively, agitated, comfortable and unhappy when it is all for the thoughts.
The query posed right here is ‘how can we are saying solely atma has Chaitanyam (Intelligence) and never the physique and thoughts? resulting in the subsequent verse.
The whole lot features, feels solely due to the presence of this Atman. In IT’s absence there is not any feeling, sense of contact, together with the existence of atoms & molecules. Who’s behind all these? Nothing can act with out Atman.
Lets go deeper into jnanam, Information. Information is of two sorts.
Vritti jnanam (gentle waves)… I see a chair however the second I see a fridge, the primary seen dissipates. The second replaces the primary. First is gone, perhaps not instantly however finally… we do not keep in mind every thing that we see in a retailer or as we stroll. No matter seems will disappear, it is particular.
The second is nithya jnanam, transcendental Information, consciousness, not conscious of! This Information, as soon as achieved, is rarely misplaced.
All information, jnanam is perishable besides prajnanam, (prajnanam brahma). The whole lot is leaning on that atma jnanam, Prajnanam brahma, It’s Sat, ever current, no delivery or loss of life, with out an look or disappearance. IT’s presence alone prompts all organs to perform.
Your entire universe seems, all of the 5 components are inert, Atma alone understands, acknowledges, is conscious of due to Atma Chaitanyam, identical to the Solar is just not concerned in something however its presence makes every thing and being vibrant. The birds chirp, individuals transfer about, animals hunt, flowers bloom due to the presence of Solar so additionally the presence of Atman. Atman alone IS!